BASE: Google Sheets Formulas Explained

Hey there, fellow spreadsheet enthusiasts! Are you tired of manually calculating important data day in and day out? Do you crave the sweet release of automated computations? Well, my friend, you've come to the right place. In this article, I'll be breaking down some of the most helpful formulas you can use in Google Sheets to streamline your workflow and impress your boss.


Let's start with a classic: the SUMIF formula. This bad boy allows you to add up values in a range that meet certain criteria. For example, say you're keeping track of your team's sales, and you want to know how much revenue each team member generated. You can use the SUMIF formula to add up all the sales made by a specific person. Here's how:

=SUMIF(range, criteria, sum_range)

The "range" is the column or row you want to search for your criteria. When you find a match, the corresponding value in the "sum_range" will be added to your total. You can use any comparison operator (like <, >, or =) as your criteria. Just make sure you put the value in quotes, like this:

=SUMIF(A2:A10, ">5000", B2:B10)


Have you ever wanted to pull data from one sheet to another, but struggled with the VLOOKUP function? Fear not, my friends. The INDEX-MATCH combo is here to save the day. This formula allows you to look up a value in a range and return a corresponding value from a different column. Here's how it works:

=INDEX(return_range, MATCH(lookup_value, lookup_range, 0))

The "lookup_value" is the data point you want to find, the "lookup_range" is the column or row where you'll find it, and the "return_range" is the column or row where you want to pull your new data from. If you include a "0" as your third argument (the "match_type"), it'll look for an exact match.


Looking to do the same calculation down a whole column or row? Say hello to ARRAYFORMULA, a formula that lets you apply another formula to an entire range of cells at once. No more copying and pasting! Here's the syntax:


The "formula" is the function you want to apply to your range, and "range" is the range of cells you want to apply it to. With ARRAYFORMULA, you don't have to worry about dragging your formula down to a hundred rows – it takes care of that for you. Genius!


Another helpful formula for your arsenal: AVERAGEIF. It's just like SUMIF, but instead of adding up values that meet a certain criteria, it calculates the average of those values. Here's the syntax:

=AVERAGEIF(range, criteria, average_range)

This one is pretty self-explanatory. Just like SUMIF, you're setting the "range" and "criteria" that you want to search for, but instead of a "sum_range", you're using an "average_range" to calculate the mean. Easy peasy.


Last but not least, we have IFERROR – a formula that keeps your spreadsheet from falling apart when you encounter an error. If you've ever had a #DIV/0! or #N/A pop up in your sheet, you know how frustrating it can be. With IFERROR, you can replace that error with something a little easier on the eyes. Here's how:

=IFERROR(value, value_if_error)

The "value" is the formula that could potentially throw an error, and "value_if_error" is what you want to replace it with. You can use this formula on any existing function in your sheet. Now you can breathe easy knowing that even if something goes wrong, you'll have a Plan B.

Closing Thoughts

And there you have it, folks – five powerful formulas to boost your Google Sheets game. These are just the tip of the iceberg, of course – there are countless other formulas you can use to automate your tasks and save time. So get out there and start experimenting! Who knows, you may just discover the next big thing in spreadsheet sorcery. Happy computing!

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