Fixed Assets: Explained

What is it, how to calculate it, formula, why it's important

Hey there, fellow finance enthusiasts! Today I want to talk about one of the most important aspects of a company's balance sheet: fixed assets. I know, I know, you might be thinking "wow, that sounds boring", but trust me, it's anything but that. As a CFO, I often see fixed assets as the backbone of any organization's success. So, let’s dive in!

What are Fixed assets?

Fixed assets are the long-term tangible assets of a business that have a life span of more than a year and are used to generate profits. These are physical assets that a company owns and uses repeatedly in their operations. The assets are expected to provide a long-term benefit and hold a value over time, which can be used for accounting purposes such as tax deductions and depreciation.

Examples of fixed assets include buildings, equipment, land, and vehicles. These assets are usually not liquid and are illiquid as they cannot be easily converted into cash, unlike current assets such as stocks, cash, and accounts payable.

Types of Fixed Assets

To better understand fixed assets, it is essential to know the different types:

1. Tangible Fixed Assets

Tangible fixed assets are the physical assets that a company uses in their day-to-day operations such as machinery, buildings, and vehicles. These assets are vital to a company’s success, as they help improve production efficiency and generate revenue.

2. Intangible Fixed Assets

Intangible fixed assets are not physical and include patents, copyrights, trademarks, and goodwill assets. These assets are unique to companies and can hold significant value over time. Companies need to invest in these assets to stay competitive and protect their long-term interests, as intangible assets can provide a competitive advantage to a business.

Why are Fixed Assets Important?

Fixed assets are crucial to a company's long-term success, as they hold value and help generate revenue. They are used in production processes and can provide a competitive advantage over other companies. By investing in fixed assets, companies are investing in their future and can generate long-term profits.

Fixed assets are also important for accounting and tax purposes. They can be used to claim tax deductions for depreciation expenses, which can lower a company's taxable income. Additionally, fixed assets are a critical aspect in evaluating a company's financial health, as they can indicate a company's growth potential and long-term viability.


Depreciation is a method of allocating the cost of a fixed asset over its useful life. Fixed assets are recorded as an asset on the balance sheet, and depreciation is recorded as an expense on the income statement. Depreciation helps a company recognize the cost of an asset over the years it is used, which can reduce a company's taxable income over time.

There are many methods of calculating depreciation, including the straight-line method, which evenly distributes the cost of an asset over its useful life.

Overall, fixed assets are a crucial aspect of any company's financial strategy and success. To grow and thrive, companies need to invest in tangible and intangible assets that will provide long-term value and generate revenue. And as a CFO, it is my job to ensure that these assets are managed correctly, protected, and effectively utilized to help the company reach its financial goals.

Thanks for reading this article about fixed assets! I hope it was informative and enjoyable. If you have any questions or comments, feel free to leave them below!

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