Marginal Analysis: Explained

What is it, how to calculate it, formula, why it's important

Hi there! As the CFO of my company, I've come across various financial concepts that have helped shape my work. One of those concepts is marginal analysis.

Now, if you're someone who's just starting in the business world, the term 'marginal analysis' may seem intimidating. I'm here to tell you that it's not as scary as it sounds. In fact, it's a pretty straightforward concept.

What is Marginal Analysis?

To put it simply, marginal analysis is an examination of the additional benefits of making a specific choice versus the additional costs of that choice. It is the study of how the benefits of a decision change based on small changes in other variables.

Let me give you an example. Say my company is thinking of producing 1000 additional products and we want to know if it is worth it. To determine this, we would use marginal analysis by examining the additional costs we would incur in producing the extra products, such as labor and materials, and comparing those additional costs to the additional revenue we would earn by selling the extra products.

How does it Work?

To conduct a marginal analysis, you need to calculate the marginal cost and the marginal revenue.

The marginal cost is the cost of producing one additional unit of a product. This includes the cost of labor, materials, and any other associated costs.

The marginal revenue, on the other hand, is the additional revenue earned from producing and selling one more product.

Once you have calculated the marginal cost and revenue, you can compare the two values to determine if producing the additional products is worth it.

If the marginal revenue is greater than the marginal cost, then it makes financial sense to produce the additional products. On the other hand, if the marginal cost is greater than the marginal revenue, then it would not be financially viable to produce the additional products.

Why is Marginal Analysis Important?

Marginal analysis is crucial in decision-making, especially when it comes to business. By examining the additional benefits and costs of a particular decision, you can make a more informed choice.

Additionally, marginal analysis can help companies identify efficiencies and maximize profits. By analyzing the marginal costs and benefits of various business processes, companies can determine which processes are most efficient and cost-effective.


In conclusion, marginal analysis is an essential concept for any businessperson to understand. By analyzing the additional benefits and costs of a particular decision, you can make more informed choices and identify efficiencies in your business processes.

I hope this article has given you a better understanding of marginal analysis and its significance in business. Thanks for reading!

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